NDD - Causes

There are many other factors apart from those outlined below which may contribute to Neuro Developmental Delay. Genetic disposition plays a major part as does lack of environmental stimulation in the first few years of life.

During pregnancy:

  • Threatened miscarriage
  • Influenza or infection at specific stages
  • Toxaemia
  • Poorly controlled diabetes
  • Placental insufficiency
  • Alcohol consumption / illicit drugs
  • Reduced amniotic fluid
  • Poor nutrition

At birth:

  • Prolonged or precipitate labour
  • Foetal distress
  • Prematurity
  • Breech presentation
  • Caesarean Section/high forceps delivery

Newly born:

  • Low birth weight
  • Inborn errors of metabolism
  • Low Apgar score

Early childhood:

  • Illnesses in early childhood
  • Febrile convulsion
  • Restricted movement in the first few months
  • History of recurrent ear, nose and throat infections